Craps is a thrilling dice game that combines elements of chance and strategy. It has been enjoyed by gamblers for centuries and continues to be a popular choice in both land-based and online casinos. In this article, we will explore the history of craps, learn about its basic rules, discover the different types of bets you can make, delve into strategies for playing the internet casino game, discuss etiquette and terminology, and even touch upon online craps.

History of Craps

Craps traces its origins back to the early 19th century, making it one of the oldest known dice games. Its roots can be found in an English game called Hazard, which was brought to New Orleans by French settlers. Over time, the game evolved and gained popularity among American gamblers. The name “craps” is believed to have come from the French word “crapaud,” meaning “toad,” which was a reference to the way players would crouch or squat while playing the game on the streets.

Basic Rules of Craps

To play craps, you need a pair of dice and a craps table. The game is played with multiple players, but one person, known as the shooter, rolls the dice. The game starts with a come-out roll, where the shooter aims to establish a point. Here are the basic rules of craps:

  • The Shooter and the Come-Out Roll: The player designated as the shooter rolls the dice. If the come-out roll results in a 7 or 11, it’s a win for the pass line bettors. However, if the roll is a 2, 3, or 12, it’s called “craps,” and the pass line bettors lose.
  • Pass Line Bet: This is one of the most common bets in craps. Players who bet on the pass line are betting that the shooter will win. If the come-out roll establishes a point, the shooter continues to roll the dice until either the point number is rolled again (win for pass line bettors) or a 7 is rolled (loss for pass line bettors).
  • Don’t Pass Line Bet: The opposite of the pass line bet, the don’t pass line bettors are betting against the shooter. If the come-out roll is 2 or 3, it’s an automatic win. However, if the roll is a 7 or 11, it’s a loss. If the shooter establishes a point, the don’t pass line bettors win if a 7 is rolled before the point number.

Types of Bets in Craps

Apart from the pass line and don’t pass line bets, craps offers a wide range of betting options. Here are some of the most popular types of bets:

  • Point Bets: These bets are placed after the shooter establishes a point. The player can bet on the specific point number being rolled before a 7 or vice versa.
  • Proposition Bets: These are one-roll bets that can be placed on various outcomes, such as specific numbers or combinations.
  • Hardway Bets: Hardway bets involve betting on pairs of numbers, such as a hard 4 (2-2) or a hard 10 (5-5). The bet wins if the chosen pair is rolled before a 7 or a different combination of the chosen numbers.

Strategies for Playing Craps

While craps is largely a game of chance, players have developed various strategies to enhance their odds of winning. Here are a few popular strategies:

  • The Martingale System: This strategy involves doubling your bet after each loss and reverting to the original bet after a win. It aims to recoup losses and make a profit in the long run.
  • The 3-Point Molly: This strategy focuses on placing multiple bets to cover different outcomes while minimizing losses. It involves placing bets on the pass line, come, and odds.
  • The Iron Cross: With this strategy, players place multiple bets to cover most of the numbers on the table. It aims to win on every roll except for a 7.

Etiquette and Terminology

When playing craps, it’s important to be aware of the etiquette and familiarize yourself with the common terms used in the on-casino game. Here are a few etiquette tips and commonly used terms:

  • Craps Table Etiquette: Avoid touching the dice with both hands, don’t throw the dice too hard, and follow the instructions of the dealer.
  • Common Terms Used in Craps: Pass line, come-out roll, point, shooter, snake eyes, boxcars, and many more. Understanding these terms will help you navigate the game with ease.

In addition to traditional brick-and-mortar casinos, craps is also available in online casinos. Online craps offer the convenience of playing from anywhere at any time. The gameplay is similar to that of land-based craps, with virtual dice being rolled and bets placed using a user-friendly interface.


Craps is an exciting dice game that combines elements of chance and strategy. Whether you’re a seasoned gambler or new to the world of casinos, craps offers an engaging and thrilling experience. By understanding the rules, exploring different betting options, and employing strategies, you can enhance your chances of winning and have a great time at the craps table.


Craps: The Dice Game of Chance and Strategy